How to talk about the future?

What is the difference in meaning of these sentences? Qual é a diferença de significado dessas frases?
Hei de visitar a minha avó.
Eu visitarei a minha avó.
Eu vou visitar a minha avó.

1 Like

This expresses a desire, maybe even a promise, but not necessarily with 100% certainty. It’s like saying “One day, I shall visit my grandma.”

These two are the exact same thing and they both sound more definitive than the other sentence with hei.
The only difference is that the former is the true future tense in Portuguese (the one you find in verb conjugation tables), while the latter is a simplified form of the future with the auxiliary verb ir. The former is formal and isn’t as commonly used as the construction with ir :slight_smile:

5 Likes

Thank you for a very clarifying answer.

1 Like

One thing I’ve noted is that the grammar books for us learners tends to cover the details of every freaking conjugation possible. When, in reality, a fairly small number of the conjugations are used in daily life.

So far, my observation is that Indicative, PPS, Imperfeito and Futuro Próximo are the biggies. Probably imperative, too.

@Joseph - any thoughts on where we learners can cut corners; or maybe better put, put our time to more useful pursuits?

1 Like

Well, some corners are already cut at Practice Portuguese. We don’t really bother with the second-person plural vós, or with sophisticated verb tenses such as the Pretérito Mais-que-perfeito (= Past Perfect). The conditional tense is formed so consistently that it also doesn’t get the same level of attention as all the other ones. But beyond this, there’s only so much you can ignore or for only so long, because you’ll inevitably face it at some point. Our language really makes use of all its resources. So… I don’t know. Difficult question to answer!

3 Likes

The only other thought is, to concentrate on the 13 most commonly used verbs. This is the suggestion of my Português teacher

1 Like